Skinceuticals UK

Skinceuticals

Welcome to our Skinceuticals information page. Read some info, reviews and advice about this cosmeceuticals skin care range of products below. Skinceuticals UK brings science and technology to your skin. Learn about the Skinceuticals skincare brand in the UK. Their story, philosophy and technology.

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SKINCEUTICALS RANGES

CLEANSE & TONE

Formulated to meet the exacting standards of skincare professionals, SkinCeuticals' cleansers and toners include a variety of active ingredients such as hydroxy acids, botanical extracts, and cleansing agents to lift impurities and oils, gently exfoliate dead skin cells, and balance ph levels. our cleansing and toning products leave the skin feeling fresh and clean without increased dryness or oiliness.

Prevent

Research shows that ageing skin is the result of more than just years on the calendar. Exposure to environmental elements like sunlight, smoke, and air pollution causes photo-ageing in skin. Not only does this lead to the formation of lines, wrinkles, and discolouration - it can lead to more serious skin conditions, including skin cancer.

A comprehensive preventive program can help prevent photo-ageing as well as the onset of more serious skin conditions. Studies prove antioxidants effectively neutralise chemical reactions generated when skin is exposed to these environmental insults. When used together, antioxidants and sunscreens provide almost complete photo-protection - preventing photo-ageing, preventing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and promoting skin health.

Skinceuticals has developed a full menu of super-antioxidant formulas for all skin types - designed to provide the most advanced protection from environmental ageing.

Correct

Over time, regardless of lifestyle, skin begins to change. signs of ageing may appear. fine lines, wrinkles, discolouration, and loss of elasticity become more visible. these signs can be the result of collagen breakdown, slower cell turnover, and loss of moisture. Damage is intensified by sun exposure, environmental elements, and smoking. A strong preventive program is critical to prevent further damage from these assaults and help slow down the ageing process. Additionally, SkinCeuticals corrective products combine reparative, lightening, and exfoliating ingredients to help rehabilitate damaged skin, restoring a healthier and more youthful appearance. The category includes products formulated specifically for delicate areas such as the eyes and lips.

Moisturise

Skinceuticals moisturisers are carefully formulated with multi-functional ingredients that nourish, protect, and exfoliate as they hydrate and restore elasticity. Our moisturisers are designed to maximise ingredient synergies and provide optimal benefits to the skin.

Protect

SkinCeuticals' sunblocks provide true broad-spectrum uva/uvb protection. This revolutionary line contains z-cote®, transparent zinc oxide, which protects skin from the damaging uva rays proven to be responsible for premature signs of ageing, unlike the pasty white zinc oxide sunscreens of the past, Skinceuticals sunblocks are cosmetically elegant and all-encapsulated, which means increased protection using fewer sunscreen ingredients, reducing the chances of irritation.

Body

Skinceuticals body products contain nurturing blends of exclusive ingredients to exfoliate, moisturise, and improve skin tone and colour. Our products work together to provide benefits such as hydration, antioxidant protection, increased smoothness, and restored elasticity to the entire body.

About SkinCeuticals

THE PROMISE

SkinCeuticals’s mission is to improve skin health. Dedicated to this purpose, we make one simple promise – provide quality products backed by science.

ADVANCED SKINCARE – PREVENTION, PROTECTION AND CORRECTION

To maintain and improve skin health, an effective skincare regime must contain three fundamental elements – prevention, protection and correction. Skinceuticals product philosophy and educational programs are built around these principles. Their line of advanced skincare products is designed to prevent future damage, protect healthy skin, and correct previous damage. At SkinCeuticals, achieving results means more than restoring youthful, radiant skin – it means preventing serious skin conditions, like skin cancer.

Founded in 1997, Skinceuticals discovers, develops, and delivers innovative dermatology products that improve the overall health and appearance of the skin. Skinceuticals use pure, pharmaceutical grade ingredients with proven scientific results. SkinCeuticals' formulations are based on optimal concentrations of active ingredients elegantly crafted into functional products – designed, formulated and tested for effectiveness. Skinceuticals entire skincare program works as a complete system for maximum improvement to skin health.

SkinCeuticals' dedication to developing advanced skincare backed by science has earned us a strong reputation with the medical community worldwide. Skinceuticals provides complete skincare solutions through dermatologists, plastic surgeons, medi-spas, and other skincare professionals in the United States and in over 35 countries worldwide. These experts trust Skinceuticals to promote skin health – not trends.

PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

Early in our history, a Skinceuticals research team helped pioneer the advent of cosmeceuticals with the original topical vitamin C technology that protects skin from premature signs of ageing caused by environmental damage. Skinceuticals continued to lead the industry as one of the first companies to provide scientific evidence to support product benefits – publishing clinical studies in respected medical journals usually reserved for pharmaceutical research.

Today, Skinceuticals adopts a multidisciplinary approach to product development. Skinceuticals have formed networks with top scientists form the fields of cellular and molecular biology, chemistry, biophysics, and medicine. They work to further our understanding of the processes of skin ageing, photo-ageing, and other individual skin conditions. Through our unique relationship with these multidisciplinary networks, we are able to collaborate with the international medical community to deepen our knowledge of the skin and skin health.

SkinCeuticals' innovation has earned our research team numerous federal and state grants to help further the pursuit of technologies to improve skin health. In addition to these grants, Skinceuticals funds clinical trials at major medical institutions such as Duke University Medical Centre and the National Institute of Health, in the USA.

EDUCATION

Skinceuticals is proud of their commitment to charitable sponsorship and donations to organisations concerned with improving health. Skinceuticals educate the public on the dangers of UV light, environmental elements, and lifestyle choices that affect the skin. Skinceuticals provides speakers for professional and consumer education, publishes scientific articles and research, and coordinates free skin cancer screenings. Skinceuticals also provide scientific evidence and offer expert commentary to the media in an effort to raise industry standards. Through research, innovation, education, and media relations, Skinceuticals constantly strives to promote and improve skin health.

Skinceuticals offers a variety of advanced skincare products that work together to prevent and correct skin damage through continued daily usage. Although no product on the market today instantly removes wrinkles, our products contain powerful ingredients to promote lasting skin health and improve visible signs of ageing over an extended period of time. * Used properly in recommended regimes, our products work synergistically to improve skin colour, tone, and elasticity. * The regimes in this chapter reflect a program incorporating the entire Skinceuticals line to provide optimal photo-protection results. Other specialised treatments may be incorporated with our products to customise a program that fits your needs.

The Science

SkinCeuticals' goal is to provide you with advanced skincare backed by scientific evidence. When it comes to the scientific proof behind skincare technology, Skinceuticals sets the standard in the cosmeceutical industry. Skinceuticals devote countless resources toward research at major medical institutions to support the technology behind our products. SkinCeuticals' active ingredients are pharmaceutical grade, and the studies performed on our core products are peer reviewed. The following chapter includes abstracts of the science supporting Skinceuticals products.

Abstracts

Antioxidant Serum

The human body uses many internal antioxidant mechanisms to defend itself from oxidative damage, but excessive exposure to ultraviolet light as well as the natural ageing process depletes the body of its internal supply of antioxidants. Antioxidants prevent oxidative damage by neutralizing oxygen-free radicals before they can attack the body. ome antioxidants are available to the body by oral ingestion, but many individuals do not achieve even the minimum daily requirement through diet or supplements. Furthermore, body control mechanisms tightly control the amounts available by oral ingestion to the cells. Skinceuticals scientists and formulators have refined ways to stabilise and deliver additional amounts of key antioxidants into skin, thus adding to the body natural reservoir of antioxidants. Continued research has demonstrated that properly formulated antioxidant combinations work synergistically to provide enhanced benefit. Recent studies show that topical application of optimized antioxidant combinations can provide up to eight-fold antioxidant protection, ninety-six percent reduction of sunburn cells, and prevent the formation of thymine dimers in UV irradiated skin.

Sunscreen

Until the advent of recently-patented technologies, not one sunscreen existed that provided both substantial UVA and UVB protection without turning skin white. Recent scientific findings reveal that it is the long UVAI (340-400 nm) rays that cause photo-ageing. Only two sunscreen ingredients (zinc oxide and Parsol 1789) protect in this range, with zinc oxide being the preferred ingredient. By incorporating two innovative technologies (Z-Cote transparent zinc oxide and encapsulated octinoxate) in one sunscreen product line, Skinceuticals provides superior sun care products for daily use.

Skin Lightening

The enzyme tyrosinase converts the amino acid tyrosine into melanin in the skin. Hyper-pigmentation can result when too much melanin is produced. Ingredients such as arbutin, kojic acid, and thymol inhibit or suppress tyrosinase, preventing the appearance of additional pigmentation.

Science FAQs

Ingredients

How soon does an average user see results?

Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products will start to be absorbed by the skin almost immediately. Because these vitamin-C products were developed as a preventative treatment with the goal of protecting the skin from further environmental damage, the skin should benefit the moment the vitamin-C is applied.

Vitamin-C is necessary for the production of collagen, the major structural protein of the skin and although visible differences will not be seen for approximately two months, you may notice a visible difference in skin texture, colour and tone in as early as a few days. The appearance of fine lines and wrinkles should become less noticeable within three to eight months. Individual results may vary, depending upon the condition of the skin at the time of initial use.

Are there any side effects associated with Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?

Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products will start to be absorbed by the skin almost immediately. Because these vitamin-C products were developed as a preventative treatment with the goal of protecting the skin from further environmental damage, the skin should benefit the moment the vitamin-C is applied.

Are there precautions to be taken when using Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?

Vitamin-C is necessary for the production of collagen, the major structural protein of the skin and although visible differences will not be seen for approximately two months, you may notice a visible difference in skin texture, colour and tone in as early as a few days. The appearance of fine lines and wrinkles should become less noticeable within three to eight months. Individual results may vary, depending upon the condition of the skin at the time of initial use.

Usage and Results

How soon does an average user see results?

Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products will start to be absorbed by the skin almost immediately. Because these vitamin-C products were developed as a preventative treatment with the goal of protecting the skin from further environmental damage, the skin should benefit the moment the vitamin-C is applied.

Vitamin-C is necessary for the production of collagen, the major structural protein of the skin and although visible differences will not be seen for approximately two months, you may notice a visible difference in skin texture, colour and tone in as early as a few days. The appearance of fine lines and wrinkles should become less noticeable within three to eight months. Individual results may vary, depending upon the condition of the skin at the time of initial use.

Side Effects

The enzyme tyrosinase converts the amino acid tyrosine into melanin in the skin. Hyper-pigmentation can result when too much melanin is produced. Ingredients such as arbutin, kojic acid, and thymol inhibit or suppress tyrosinase, preventing the appearance of additional pigmentation.

Skin Conditions Guide & Regimes Science FAQs

Skinceuticals has developed a skin condition chart to provide general guidelines for using our preventive, protective, and corrective products. The definitions listed below describe conditions or skin types that respond well to Skinceuticals products suggested within each category of the skin condition chart on the following page. The following chart is intended for use as a guide only. Product combinations could vary considerably.

Regimes Science FAQs

Please note that these regimes reflect a program embodying the entire Skinceuticals line to help you incorporate our products into your existing skincare regime. Regimes may vary depending on skin type or condition and can be customised for pre- and post-rejuvenation procedures according to the recommendation of your skincare professional.

AM Regime

Step One: Cleanse & Tone
Use a Skinceuticals cleanser and toner as directed by your skincare professional or following the directions on the package.

Step Two: Antioxidant Treatment
Apply a thin layer of a Skinceuticals antioxidant serum to the entire face, neck, and chest, avoiding eye area. Allow 3-5 minutes before applying additional products.

Step Three: Hydrate, Lighten, or Calm
Apply 2-3 drops of Skinceuticals Hydrating B5 Gel, Phyto +, or Phyto Corrective gel to the entire face, neck, and chest, avoiding eye area.

Step Four: Moisturise*
Use a Skinceuticals moisturiser as directed by your skincare professional or following the directions on the package.

Step Five: Sun Protection
Use a broad-spectrum Skinceuticals sunblock as directed by your skincare professional or following the directions on the package.

*If you are using a Skinceuticals corrective cream such as Skin Firming Cream or Face Cream, apply it in place of a moisturiser in Step Four

PM Regime

Step One: Cleanse & Tone**
Use a Skinceuticals cleanser and toner as directed by your skincare professional or following the directions on the package.

Step Two: Exfoliate
Use a Skinceuticals exfoliator as directed by your skincare professional or following the directions on the package.

Step Three: Hydrate, Lighten or Calm
Apply 2-3 drops of Skinceuticals Hydrating B5 Gel, Phyto +, or Phyto Corrective Gel to the entire face, neck, and chest, avoiding eye area.

Step Four: Moisturise***
Use a Skinceuticals moisturiser as directed by your skincare professional or following the directions on the package

** If you are using a Skinceuticals Clarifying Clay Masque, apply after cleansing and toning in the evening, once or twice weekly.

*** If you are using a Skinceuticals corrective cream in the evening, such as Skin Firming Cream or Face Cream, apply it in place of a moisturiser in Step Four.

FAQs' Answers Science FAQs

What are Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?
Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are an innovative skin care line featuring stabilized L-ascorbic acid at a low pH. Originally developed as a preventative skin care treatment to protect skin from environmental damage, Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products, over time, visibly improve skin clarity, tone and texture and minimise the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, leaving skin with a firmer, smoother, younger looking appearance.

What is the science supporting Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products and how do they help the skin?
Everyday skin is exposed to environmental elements like sunlight, smoke and air pollution which cause oxy radicals to form in the skin. These oxy radicals attack the skin's collagen layer and break it down, causing lines and wrinkles to appear.

What is Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15?
Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15 contains fifteen percent concentration of stabilized L-ascorbic acid at an acid pH in a cosmetically elegant formulation. The specific ingredients in Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15 are L-ascorbic acid (vitamin-C) and zinc sulfate, an antioxidant that aids in tissue repair. Other ingredients include purified water, bioflavinoids, and sodium hyaluronate.

What products are included in the Skinceuticals family of Topical Vitamin-C products and how do I know which products are best for my skin type?
In addition to Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 15 which contains a fifteen percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid, the Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C skin care line includes Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Serum 10 with a ten percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid, and Topical Vitamin-C Eye Gel with a five percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid. The higher concentrations are for use on the face, neck, hands, chest and problem spots and the lower concentrations are for use around the delicate eye area. The serum and the gel products are suitable for most skin types.

For dry, sensitive or mature skin, Skinceuticals also offers their Topical Vitamin-C in a cream version. Topical Vitamin-C Skin Firming Cream contains a ten percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid and Topical Vitamin-C Eye Cream contains a five percent concentration of L-ascorbic acid. All five Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C formulations work optimally with Skinceuticals Hydrating B5 Gel, which contains hyaluronic acid - - the skin's natural moisturiser - - to help replenish moisture lost during any topical vitamin-C treatment.

Rather than use Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products, can't I just rub oranges on my skin or take more vitamin-C tablets?
No. Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products contain vitamin-C in the form of L-ascorbic acid at a precise acid pH which allows it to be absorbed by the skin. No matter how much vitamin-C one ingests, body control mechanisms tightly limit the amount of vitamin-C that can enter the skin through ingestion. Until Dr. Pinnell and his colleagues at Duke proved that L-ascorbic acid at low pH is necessary for vitamin-C to be absorbed by the skin, the only way to feed the skin vitamin-C was through diet or vitamin supplements.

Duke University research shows that stabilised L-ascorbic acid at low pH delivers 20 to 40 times more vitamin-C to the skin than can be achieved by diet or by supplement. Research also shows that Vitamin-C is necessary to stimulate collagen synthesis.

What is the difference between Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products and other skincare products which feature vitamin-C as an ingredient?
Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products contain stable L-ascorbic acid at a low pH, which allows vitamin-C to be absorbed by the skin. Most commonly marketed products utilize vitamin-C derivatives such as ascorbyl palmitate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, which must be converted to L-ascorbic acid in order to be used by the skin.

To be effective, vitamin-C derivatives must first get into the skin and then must be chemically converted by the skin's cells into L-ascorbic acid. Because the skin is difficult to penetrate and the enzymes necessary to convert these derivatives into L-ascorbic acid are not always available, derivatives are not very effective in delivering vitamin-C into the skin.

It is the Duke patented technology and the stability technique developed by Dr. Sheldon R. Pinnell and his colleagues which renders the Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products effective. In addition, Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are designed to reduce the temporary stinging sensation that was inherent in early topical vitamin-C formulations.

Can I use Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products with alpha and beta hydroxy acids, retinoids (including Retin A and Renova) and other popular skin care products?
Generally, yes, although it is recommended that you consult your doctor or skin care professional to be certain. Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products should not be used at the same time of day as these other products. The recommended regimen is an application of Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products in the morning and use of other acid or retinoid based products at night.

How often should Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products be applied?
Like daily vitamins, the recommended regimen for Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products is one application per day to help diminish the appearance of fine lines. Using the products more than once a day may cause irritation. Therefore, they should only be applied more frequently if directed by a skin care professional.

Because topical vitamin-C photo protects the skin from harmful UVA and UVB rays, daytime application is ideal. Duke University research shows that once topical vitamin-C gets into skin, it cannot be washed, rubbed, or perspired off and it remains active for up to 72 hours. Therefore, Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are ideal for active individuals and athletes who spend a good amount of time outdoors.

How soon does an average user see results?
Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products will start to be absorbed by the skin almost immediately. Because these vitamin-C products were developed as a preventative treatment with the goal of protecting the skin from further environmental damage, the skin should benefit the moment the vitamin-C is applied.

Vitamin-C is necessary for the production of collagen, the major structural protein of the skin and although visible differences will not be seen for approximately two months, you may notice a visible difference in skin texture, colour and tone in as early as a few days. The appearance of fine lines and wrinkles should become less noticeable within three to eight months. Individual results may vary, depending upon the condition of the skin at the time of initial use.

Do I need to change my skin care regimen and how do I use the products?
No. This is what makes Skinceuticals topical vitamin-C formulations so unique. Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products can be used in conjunction with any skin care regimen.

Given the precise formulation of Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products, it is important to apply them only onto clean, dry skin. Do not mix immediately with other products; simply wait a few minutes for the Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C product to be absorbed, then proceed with the rest of your skin care regimen.

Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are not moisturisers, so a water-based moisturiser should be applied afterwards to prevent dryness. Since the Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C High Potency Cream and Eye Cream already contain moisturising ingredients, it may not be necessary to use an additional moisturiser with these products. However, to further protect skin from the harmful effects of the sun, a sunblock such as Skinceuticals Daily Sun Defense or Ultimate UV Defense should be used with any vitamin-C product.

Daily Sun Defense SPF 20 is a state-of-the-art sunblock and lightweight daily moisturiser. Formulated with two of the most innovative and effective sunscreen ingredients available, it features a five percent concentration of Z-Cote® , a transparent, micronized form of the proven broad spectrum physical sunscreen ingredient, zinc oxide and sunCaps®, a patented micro-encapsulated form of the sunscreen ingredient octyl methoxycinnamate for true broad spectrum protection against harmful UVA (ageing) and UVB (burning) radiation, including long range UVA which is now proven to cause photo-ageing and is linked to skin cancers.

Specially formulated for photo-sensitive skin, Ultimate UV Defense SPF 30 combines a never before available seven percent concentration of Z-Cote with sunCaps to provide the ultimate defense against UV radiation. Ultimate UV Defense is ideal for individuals with conditions of increased photo-sensitivity, as well as for individuals exposed to tropical climates, high altitudes or prolonged sun exposure.

To what extent have Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products been used by the public?
Today, there is a network of thousands of dermatologists, plastic surgeons, and licensed estheticians that recommend Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C to their patients daily. Many individuals now benefit from the stabilised L-ascorbic acid technology. Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products are physician recommended and patient preferred, with the number of satisfied users continuing to grow.

Are there any side effects associated with Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?
Less than one-tenth of one percent of all people using Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products has had any difficulties. Some individuals experience a mild stinging when the product is first applied, which is attributable to the high acidic concentration necessary to get the L-ascorbic acid (vitamin-C) into the skin. Many individuals find this sensation subsides with continued use, specifically as the skin begins its natural healing process.

SkinCeuticals' extraordinary Topical Vitamin-C products are specially formulated to benefit the skin with less discomfort. This unique stabilisation process provides higher concentrations with minimised irritation.

Are there precautions to be taken when using Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?
Yes. Due to a high concentration of vitamin-C and the acidic nature of the product, it is important to follow the instructions carefully. Products should be applied only to clean, dry skin and users should avoid placing the product directly on the eyelids. It also is recommended that contact lens wearers insert their contacts before application, or that they apply the product at night after their contacts have been removed.

Are there any known drug contradictions with this product?
No.

Is this product suitable for use on all skin types and colours?
Yes.

Is it safe to go out into the sun with Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products?
Yes. As a matter of fact, research shows that topical vitamin-C offers photo-protective qualities. However, it is important to note that topical vitamin-C is not a sunscreen, so additional sun protection is still necessary. Most individuals find the ideal time to apply vitamin-C is in the morning, because during the day you are more susceptible to sun exposure and L-ascorbic acid provides photo-protection from UVA/UVB radiation.

The best combination to prevent photo-ageing is to use Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C in conjunction with a true broad spectrum sunblock such as Skinceuticals Daily Sun Defense SPF 20 or Ultimate UV Defense SPF 30.

What should consumers look for when choosing a topical vitamin-C product?
Consumers should look for a product that lists L-ascorbic acid as the leading ingredient, in either a fifteen or ten percent concentration for the face and a five percent concentration for the eyes. In evaluating any topical vitamin C skin care product, the following questions should be asked:

  • Is the vitamin C in the form of L-ascorbic acid (the only true form of vitamin C the body can use)?
  • If yes, is the L-ascorbic acid at low pH so it penetrates skin?
  • If yes, is the L-ascorbic acid at high enough concentration to have an effect?
  • Is the preparation both colour and L-ascorbic acid stable (the colour should never be brown)?
  • Finally, is the product backed by science

All Skinceuticals Topical Vitamin-C products feature the Duke patented technology for stable L-ascorbic acid at an acid pH, in concentrations ranging from five to fifteen percent, in cosmetically-elegant formulations. All Skinceuticals products are backed by science.

I understand the Vitamin-C in these products is L-ascorbic acid. Is that acid directly from oranges and lemons, or is it a synthetic type?
A: The Vitamin-C in Skinceuticals products is indeed, L-ascorbic acid, the only form of Vitamin-C the body can recognize and use. The Vitamin-C used is derived from Citrus fruits. It is batch tested and authenticated to the highest level with an appropriate certification of purity. Once the formulation is produced, it remains pure L-ascorbic acid, there are absolutely no derivatives, it is stable, and it is at an acid ph level below 3.5.

How soon will these creams and gels reverse sun damaged skin, such as age spots and wrinkles?
A: Just as one takes oral vitamins daily, SKINCEUTICALS Topical Vitamin-C should be applied daily and combined with a broad spectrum sun screen for optimum results. Although visible differences will not be seen for approximately 12 weeks, improvements in the appearance of skin tone and texture may occur in as little as a few days. Given the anti-oxidant properties of vitamin-C, the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles will become less noticeable within three to eight months, with individual results varying based on the condition of the skin at the time of initial use.

At what age should you start using these products?
It is never too early to protect the skin from photo ageing.

Are reactions, such as a stinging sensation, common with these products?
No they are not common, this may happen if you are saturating the skin with too much Vitamin-C. Alternatively, the skin may not be fully cleansed from previous products, and this may cause a reaction. Generally, any reactions experienced will very soon subside as it is a completely natural product, replacing what should be in our skin anyway.

Can you use these products in tandem with other moisturisers or cleansers?
Skinceuticals products can be used in conjunction with other products, for example, you may like to use a Vitamin-C Serum and sun protection product with their current moisturiser or cleanser. The Skinceuticals brand does include moisturisers, cleansers, eye products and body treatments.

I realise these sun creams protect the skin from sun damage, but can they make the skin more sun sensitive?
No. Not at all. Using Skinceuticals UV defense products, you have the broadest spectrum possible, in conjunction with using Vitamin C, both of these products give you more protection from the sun than either of them alone.

In terms of the Skinceuticals hydroxy acid treatments, how often should you use them for best results?
The Intense Line Defense should be used at night only - it acts as a mild exfoliator but is also particularly good for acne prone skin. The Clarifying Clay Masque should be used between 3 and 4 times a week. In the case of cleansers and toners, these are used daily, both morning and evening. They contain 1% mixed hydroxy acids (malic lactic tartaric citric and glycolic).

If eight years in the states, why are we only getting these products now?
Skinceuticals in America is primarily sold to doctors, dermatologists, and plastic surgeons and highly professional Beauty salons and Spas. Clearly, given the NHS situation in the UK, rightly there was some confusion as to the route to market as NHS doctors would not be able to prescribe Skinceuticals products. Moving forward, with the increase of very professional beauty salons opening up in the market, and more and more doctors moving into private aesthetic practice, there is now a developing market for these products. However they will not be sold in High street self-service outlets or in department stores, just the profile of re-sellers highlighted above.

How long in the making were these products?
Research is on-going, Doctor Pinnell has spent his life trying to find out the causes of photo-ageing and primarily skin cancer. We are already marketing second generation Vitamin-C products with our Primacy C&E product.

Dr Pinnell has talked about Duke University's recent discovery that Vitamins-C and E work best when used together. Is Skinceuticals working on such a product and, if so, how soon will be see it on shelves?
Primacy C+E is a revolutionary, super antioxidant serum which for the first time ever combines a 15 per cent concentration of stable L-ascorbic acid (vitamin-C) with a one per cent concentration of pure vitamin-E (Alpha Tocopherol) to deliver superior photo-protection, while helping to diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Until now, this potent mixture of aqueous (vitamin-C) and oil-based (vitamin-E) was considered impossible. Recent studies show that when combined, vitamins- C and E provide better protection from UVA and UVB damage than C or E alone and when used in conjunction with a true broad-spectrum sunscreen, C and E provides near complete protection from UVA and UVB damage.

I've heard that pure Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic acid) can loosen the skin. Is this true?
L-Ascorbic Acid does not "loosen" upper layers of the skin. It helps to provide photo-protection, as well as stimulate collagen, which can provide a tightening and toning effect to the skin. It does not make the skin more susceptible to sun damage.

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